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两年A股减少逾300万户 曾经充满热情的股民们去哪了?

楼主两年A股减少逾300万户 曾经充满热情的股民们去哪了?
2014年4月28日 10点54分 来源:新华网    

  过去两年A股持仓账户减少逾300万户,2013年末约六成上市公司股东人数下降。曾经对股市充满热情的股民们都去哪儿了?

  A股活跃投资者减少

  截至4月18日,已披露2013年业绩报告且有可比数据的1749家上市公司中,有1054家公司股东数量较上年下降,占比超过六成。

  而过去7年有可比数据的1066家上市公司,2013年末股东数量合计创下四年新低,较期间最高峰的2010年减少近一成。而股东数量降幅最大的,多为业绩优良的主板蓝筹公司。

  来自中国证券登记结算有限公司的另一组数据更加耐人寻味。2013年末A股股票账户总数较2011年末增加了5.87%,但同期剔除休眠账户之后的有效账户总数减少了5.71%。

  另据统计,2013年末A股持仓账户总数为5385万户。而这项指标在2011年末和2012年末分别为5694万户和5514万户。也就是说,在A股账户总数逐年递增的同时,选择“零持仓”的账户数量两年内增加了309万户。

  两个截然不容的视角,结果却十分相似:A股市场活跃投资者的规模日渐缩水。

  “以往同学聚会、亲友聚餐,三句话一过总免不了聊起股市。这两年,身边的人不再热衷炒股,不少人甚至选择了销户。”上海股民郑咏琪说。

  中证登的另一些数据或许可以给郑咏琪的感慨提供印证。截至2013年底,有63.39%的股票账户在过去一年中不曾参与交易。今年4月8日至11日的一个交易周内,参与交易的股票账户数为947万户,而两年前的几乎同一时段,这个数字为1833万户。

  去散户化还是边缘化

  在一些市场人士看来,A股股民减少或是去散户化的结果。

  自诞生以来,A股市场就带着散户为主的鲜明印记。个人投资者比例过高,以及由此形成的追高杀低、盲目跟风的不良习惯,令这个拥有过亿投资者的庞大市场充斥着投机气氛。

  这也成为近年来管理层大力发展机构投资者的动因。从公募基金、基金专户,到券商集合理财计划、信托计划、阳光私募,形形色色标榜“专家理财”的投资产品,的确“怂恿”部分散户离开了股市。

  然而,去散户化似乎并不能成为活跃股民规模缩水的全部理由。

  数据显示,继去年年末重上3万亿元大关之后,今年一季度公募基金市场总规模创下3.46万亿元的新高。在这个看似光鲜的数字之中,依赖互联网金融崛起而迅速膨胀的货币基金占据了41.7%的巨大比例。

回答时间:2014-04-29 16:47

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